427 Park Boulevard East

Formerly:Berney Residence
Address:427 Park Boulevard East
Original Use:Dwelling
Other Work:1995, Annex
Interior Design: Grant Marshall
Architects:Étienne Gaboury
Contractors:Hashimoto Construction Limited

More Information

The home was designed by notable Winnipeg architect Etienne J. Gaboury, and contracted to Hashimoto Construction Ltd. The home was designed for Sheldon Berney, whose company, Reliance Products Ltd., produced plastic bottles.

The walls and roof are highly angular, giving the home a novel appearance, but making for a long and complicated construction process. Because of its shape, all the supporting walls had to be built before the roof could be added, as doing otherwise could have put the building's structural integrity at risk. This had the effect of slowing down the construction of the home, much to Berney's frustration.

The plan for the Tuxedo development began in 1905, with the purchase and assembly of land by investor and Tuxedo’s first mayor, F. W. Heubach, (d.1914) and the recently incorporated Tuxedo Park Company. In 1905 the fledgling Company contracted Rickson A. Outhet, a landscape architect from Montreal, to develop a plan for Tuxedo Park, named for the exclusive New York planned community. Outhet submitted a detailed design of curving streets with generous building lots. Later, in 1910 the Company contracted the firm Olmsted Brothers, of Brookline, Massachusetts, to plan the subdivisions, streets, neighbourhoods and parks of Tuxedo. Frederick Law Olmsted (1822–1903), the firm’s founder, was an established American landscape architect and guiding figure in the City Beautiful movement, most notably involved in the design of New York City’s Central Park and Montreal’s park on Mount Royal.

Designed in a style to attract the wealthy and the influential, the Tuxedo Park master plan aimed to incorporate a “harmonious [sic] combination of city and country, dwelling house and garden, with adequate open space for light, health, and the beauty of the environment.” [F. C. Pickwell, “Tuxedo Park, Winnipeg,” Construction (September 1926), PP. 291-94.] Olmstead’s plan included ample allotments for designed landscapes, with allowances for broad boulevards, lane-ways and roads. These green-spaces, influenced by the English landscape tradition, were intended to elevate the neighbourhood's aesthetic quality, increasing demand for the construction and sale of homes and property. Additionally, the Tuxedo development was within close proximity to the newly established Assiniboine Park, purchased in 1904 and designed by Olmstead’s former colleague, Frederick G. Todd.

The Olmsted suburban design concept is evident in the organization of the streets, throughways, boulevards and in the character of the housing within the development. The homes within the division, although designed by a variety of architects and builders, are generally set on large uniformly sized landscaped lots, with consistent set-backs. Additionally, their design — including height and square footage — has been governed by concepts established by the Olmstead plan, and by a city bylaw intended to maintain the character of the neighbourhood. Construction of houses within the planned area began in 1915, although the neighbourhood’s development within the interwar period was slowed due to economic depression. Later, between the mid-1940s and the early 1970s development increased exponentially, both within Tuxedo and metropolitan Winnipeg generally.

Design Characteristics

Doors:The main entry is located at the front of the house, raised nine steps above grade. This entry has a large single door with peripheral light and a protective overhang.
Materials:Stucco, concrete and brick
Size:Single storey
3,713 square feet
Style:Eight room custom designed house
Frontage  Direction:South West
  • 3 bedroom, 3.5 bathrooms
  • Lot size, 237' x 610'
  • In ground pool
  • Triple attached garage