Herbert Moody was the stalwart partner and the creative force behind one of Winnipeg’s most prolific architectural practices – Moody Moore Architects. Born in Winnipeg on March 12, 1903, Moody began his post-secondary education at Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario. Following the example of his father – Dr. Arthur Moody – the younger Moody spent a year in medical school but discovered it was not for him. He returned to Winnipeg and graduated with a degree in architecture from the University of Manitoba in 1926. He then once more travelled east to work with the firm Derby and Robinson in Boston, from 1925 to 1928. In May 1928 Moody returned to Canada and gained employment as a draftsman for the venerable Toronto firm Sproatt and Rolph, staying there until 1933 when a work slowdown resulted in layoffs. Moody’s Toronto employers described him as a “very capable draughtsman and an excellent designer.” Back in Winnipeg, in 1933 Moody registered with the Manitoba Association of Architects (MAA) as the Canadian economy was in the depths of the Great Depression.
In 1936 Moody joined fellow University of Manitoba architecture graduate Robert Moore to establish a new practice in Winnipeg – a partnership which was to last for 40 years. Business was not easy because of the depressed economy. Another obstacle arrived with the start of the Second World War in 1939. Moody felt obliged to enlist, perhaps influenced by his training at the Military College. From 1940 to 1945, he served overseas with the Royal Canadian Engineers Army 3rd Division, achieving the rank of Major. For the first two years of the war, Moody was stationed at the Debert Military Camp in Nova Scotia designing quarters and facilities for the military base there. In 1941 he shipped out to England where he claimed (with modesty) that he designed “huts” as additions to military hospitals and simple ordinance buildings for wartime use. Following the Allied invasion of Normandy, Moody relocated to France to oversee repairs to airfields and other bombed facilities. This experience in the design and construction of hospitals and related facilities proved useful for his firm’s post-war practice.
Upon his return to Canada and to his partnership, Moody became a lecturer at the School of Architecture, a position he held from 1946 to 1949. He also became active in the Manitoba Association of Architects and in the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (RAIC). Council work with the MAA before and after the war led to executive appointments including a role as president for several years, beginning in 1951. That same year, Moody was appointed a fellow of RAIC, wherein he worked on several committees and projects before his election as Chancellor of the College of Fellows of RAIC from 1961 to 1964.
Not always politically compliant, Moody criticised his own profession when he was a member of the Winnipeg Town Planning Commission in 1959. While his own firm did virtually no residential design, he tabled a brief before RAIC's residential environment committee that deplored members of his profession who designed houses and housing developments with disregard to their existing neighbourhood or even to the most elementary principles of civic design.
At the start of his RAIC appointment in 1961, Moody told the Winnipeg Free Press that most architectural practices (including his own) did not specialise. In order to have the capabilities needed for complex, modern design, a firm required expertise in structural, mechanical and engineering disciplines, as well as core designers. This was a significant change from his earlier years as an architectural practitioner. As well, he marvelled at the sharp increase in the number of firms that had been established since he began as an architect in Winnipeg in 1934. He paid tribute to the high standards set by John A. Russell and his alma mater, the Faculty of Architecture at the University of Manitoba.
In 1968, Moody completed his leadership period at RAIC. His last major task was to lead a national study on architectural practice. His frustration with the trends that he observed led him to criticise harshly: his criticism was particularly directed toward the many architects who he saw to be egocentric in their designs and who were seen to be unable to provide accurate estimated costs. These shortcomings resulted in serious cost overruns that were irritating to the client and bad publicity for the profession.
The following year, Moody Moore joined forces with a younger firm (established in 1963) to become Moody Moore Duncan Rattray Peters Searle Christie Architects, Engineers, and Planners. The new firm, with a professional staff of 30 architects, engineers, interior designers and planners numbered 70 people in total. At the time Moody was 65 years old and likely searching for a vehicle for his life’s work to continue into the future. He became a consultant to the firm and ceased active design several years before he went on to retired membership status with the MAA in 1975. The following year, Moody was given an honourary life membership to the MAA at a reception in his honour at the Winnipeg Chamber of Commerce.
Herbert Moody passed away March 1, 1991. He was buried in St. John’s Cathedral Cemetery.
- Samuel L. Wilson Residence, 106 Handsart Boulevard, 1938
- Winnipeg Winter Club, 200 River Avenue, 1950
- Churchill High School, 510 Hay Street, 1953-1958
- Harrow School, 550 Harrow Street, 1954
- Agricultural Research Building, 66 Dafoe Road, 1958
- St. John's College and Chapel, University of Manitoba, 92 Dysart Road, 1958
- Manitoba Hydro Building, 820 Taylor Avenue, 1958
- Chown Building, 753 McDermot Avenue, 1962
- Donnelly United Church, 1226 Waller Avenue, 1964
- University College, University of Manitoba, 210 Dysart Road, 1964
- Centennial Concert Hall, 555 Main Street, 1967
- “Architect.” Winnipeg Tribune. 4 May 1949.
- “City Architects Criticized for Not Acting on Housing.” Winnipeg Tribune. 29 October 1959.
- “Manitoba.” The Journal (Royal Architectural Institute of Canada) 28 (March 1951): 80.
- “New construction design partnership.” Canadian Building (October 1969): 6.
- “Obituary: Herbert Moore.” Winnipeg Free Press. 1 March 1991.
- “One-man architectural firms said out-moded in modern era.” Winnipeg Free Press. 11 February 1961.
- “Report Criticizes Architects Stand.” Winnipeg Tribune. 28 May 1968.
- Keshavjee, Serena. ed. Winnipeg Modern. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2006.
- Manitoba Association of Architects. Letter to Herbert Moore. 19 December 1934.
- Office of Ernest Ross Rolph and Henry Sproatt. Letter to the Manitoba Association of Architects. 25 May 1933.